The Jewish community of Erfurt was founded in the 11th century and became, together with Mainz, Worms and Speyer, one of the most influential in Germany.
Their synagoge is still extant and a museum today, as is the mikveh at Gera river near In 1349, during the wave of Black Death Jewish persecutions across Europe, the Jews of Erfurt were rounded up, with more than 100 killed and the rest driven from the city.
Erfurt's old town is one of the most intact medieval cities in Germany, The city's economy is based on agriculture, horticulture and microelectronics.
Its central location has led to it becoming a logistics hub for Germany and central Europe.
In 1483, a first city fortress was built on Cyriaksburg hill in the southwestern part of the town.In the following decades, the council bought a city-owned territory around Erfurt which consisted at its height of nearly 100 villages and castles and even another small town (Sömmerda).Erfurt became an important regional power between the Landgraviate of Thuringia around, the Electorate of Mainz to the west and the Electorate of Saxony to the east.Although the town did not belong to any of the Thuringian states politically, it quickly became the economic centre of the region.It was part of the Electorate of Mainz during the Holy Roman Empire, and later became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1802.
Abenteuer date Erfurt
Martin Luther (1483 - 1546) was the most famous student of the institution, studying there from 1501.Other famous Erfurters include the medieval philosopher and mystic Meister Eckhart (c.It is located 100 km (62 mi) south-west of Leipzig, 300 km (186 mi) south-west of Berlin, 400 km (249 mi) north of Munich and 250 km (155 mi) north-east of Frankfurt.Together with neighbouring cities Weimar and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants.1260-1328), the Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706), the sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920), rapper Clueso (Thomas Hübner) (1980- ), and Gunda Niemann (1966- ), three-times Olympic speed skating gold-medal winner. The earliest evidence of human settlement dates from the prehistoric era; archaeological finds from the north of Erfurt revealed human traces from the paleolithic period, ca.