(Eastphalian: Hilmessen) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany with almost 100,000 inhabitants.It is located in the district of Hildesheim, about 30 km southeast of Hanover on the banks of the Innerste River, a small tributary of the Leine River.
He became a Benedictine in later life and died on November 20, 1021. His long episcopate of nearly thirty years was prolific of great results for the Diocese of Hildesheim.In 1813, after the Napoleonic Wars, the town became part of the Kingdom of Hanover, which was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia as a province after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866.In 1868 a highly valuable trove of about 70 Roman silver vessels for eating and drinking, the so-called Hildesheim Treasure, was unearthed by Prussian soldiers.Fortunately, most of the major churches, two of them now UNESCO World Heritage Sites, were rebuilt in the original style soon after the war.During the war, valuable world heritage materials had been hidden in the basement of the city wall. In the 1980s a reconstruction of the historic centre began.
Originally the market was held in a street called Old Market (Alter Markt) which still exists today.The first market place was laid out around the church St. When the city grew further, a bigger market place became necessary.He became imperial chaplain and tutor to the child Emperor Otto III. He was elected bishop of Hildesheim in 993, built St.Michael’s Church and Monastery there, and administered his see capably.
He was interested in architecture, art, and metal work and created several metalwork pieces.Thangmar, his former tutor, who subsequently became his biographer, describes in eloquent terms how the saint, after performing his episcopal functions in the cathedral, would usually visit the various workshops connected with the cathedral school, and with his own hands manufactured gold and silver vessels for the enrichment of the altars.As evidence of his skill in the practice of the mechanical arts there are still preserved in Hildesheim a cross of rich and exquisite workmanship known as the “Bernward Cross,” the famous Bernward column, with winding reliefs representing scenes from the life of Christ, two bronze doors of the Cathedral of Hildesheim, showing scriptural scenes, and two candlesticks symbolic of Christ, the light of the world. Michael’s abbey church at Hildesheim — now Protestant — one of the most magnificent basilicas in Germany.The city was heavily damaged by air raids in 1945, especially on 22 March.Although it had little military significance, two months before the end of the war in Europe the historic city was bombed as part of the Area Bombing Directive in order to undermine the morale of the German people.