The truth may have been obscured by antagonism between the Wiesenthal organisation and West German military intelligence.It is known that Austrian authorities were investigating the organization several years before Wiesenthal went public with his information.
However, Hannah Arendt, in her book, Eichmann in Jerusalem, states that "in 1950, [Eichmann] succeeded in establishing contact with ODESSA, a clandestine organisation of SS veterans, and in May of that year, he was passed through Austria to Italy, where a priest, fully informed of his identity, equipped him with a refugee passport in the name of Richard Klement and sent him on to Buenos Aires." Sereny attributed the escape of SS members to postwar chaos and the inability of the Catholic Church, the Red Cross and the American military to verify the claims of people who came to them for help, rather than to the activities of an underground Nazi organisation.Josef Mengele, the concentration camp medical doctor who performed horrific experiments on camp victims during the World War II, is involved in ODESSA.According to a young man and spy on his trail, Mengele is activating the "Kameradenwerk" for a strange assignment: he is sending out six Nazis (former SS Officers) to kill 94 men, who share a few common traits.He was shot in the head in the war and still had the bullet lodged inside his brain; when he went to go get milk from the refrigerator, he bumped his head and the said bullet moved and hit a major artery, killing him.ODESSA plays a large role in the plot of episodes "Owls" and "Roosters" in the second season of the American TV series Millennium, where it is the organization behind a South American aerospace company which hires Frank Black's wife and tries to recruit him.
Single party bensheim
Many of the novel's readers assumed that ODESSA really existed.In the 1976 thriller novel by Ira Levin titled The Boys from Brazil, Dr.Wechsberg, who after emigrating to the United States had served as an OSS officer and member of the US War Crimes Commission, however, claimed that in interviews of outspoken German anti-Nazis some asserted that plans were made for a Fourth Reich before the fall of the Third, They used Germans who had been hired to drive U. Army trucks on the autobahn between Munich and Salzburg for the 'Stars and Stripes,' the American Army newspaper. The couriers had applied for their jobs under false names, and the Americans in Munich had failed to check them carefully...The CIC discovered ODESSA at the KZ Bensheim-Auerbach internment camp for the former SS men who used this watchword in their secret attempts to gain special privileges from the Red Cross, wrote historian Guy Walters, but neither the Americans nor the British were able to verify the claims extending any further than that.
The existence of the organisation is not supported by experts.
The ODESSA itself was incidental, says Manning, with the continuing existence of the Bormann Organisation a much larger and more menacing fact. In the realm of fiction, Frederick Forsyth's best-selling 1972 thriller The Odessa File brought the organisation to popular attention.
(The novel was turned into a film starring Jon Voight.) In the novel, Forsyth's ODESSA smuggled war criminals to South America, but also attempted to protect those SS members who remained behind in Germany, and plotted to influence political decisions in West Germany.
The ODESSA network (from the German: Organisation der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, meaning: Organization of Former SS Members) was a purported international Nazi underground organization set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers with the aim of facilitating secret escape routes – later known as ratlines – to allow the SS members to avoid capture and prosecution for war crimes and to escape to Argentina, Brazil, or the Middle East under false names.
The codeword "Odessa" – as known by the Allies – appeared for the first time in a memo dated July 3, 1946, by the American Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) whose principal role was to screen displaced persons for possible suspects.